EDITED BY FRANCIS TREVELYAN MILLER
Rulers of Nations can set before themselves no higher aims than the promotion of international good understanding and cordial friendship among the Nations of the WorldIt is the surest and most direct means by which humanity may be enabled to realize its noblest ideal, and its attainment will ever be the object of my constant endeavorsKing Edward VII
THE most fearful war of the century is coming soon. After the war, will come world-peacethe highest development of the race in this cycle. This is the prediction made a few days ago by a distinguished political economist, based upon the complications that have arisen in the Old World, and the information that more money is being expended in the preparations for war by the powers than ever before in the history of the world. This same preparation, however, is one of the most forceful factors in preserving peace, and, whether or not the age of arbitration must find its birth in a last final struggle for physical supremacy, that age is not only coming, but it is practically here. The peoples of the earth, and their rulers and leaders, are united in the edict that war must cease and reason must triumph. The human race has risen above carnage ; its moral and intellectual sense now repels war. The death throes of the demon may be violent for a time, but the end is near. In recognition of this The Journal of American History dedicates this book to the United Nations of the World, linking their armorial bearings with the symbols of the oak and the laurel, and unfurling the American flagon the field of white, an ensign of Peace and emblem of unity among the nations.
An Historic Document of Universal Brotherhood
IT is significant that the strongest minds and the most powerful influences are now organizing to bring the Nations into a united whole, concentrating their indomitable energies and their vast resources for the betterment of mankind. Ambassador Bryce recently said : I do not believe there ever was a time when the people were so heartily desirous of maintaining peace throughout the world. I am convinced that there is not one of the great powers that desires to see the plague of war.
Andrew Carnegie struck a universal note when he recently said : We believe the psychological moment approaches when a decided step forward can be made. Personally, I am a convert to the League of Peace idea . . . . . . for protection to the peace of the civilized world. It requires only the agreement of a sufficient number of nations to establish this. Since the civilized world is now united by electric bonds into one body, in constant and instant communication, it is largely interdependent, and rapidly becoming more so. War now involves the interests of all, and therefore one nation has no longer a right to break the peace without reference to others. . . . . . . This is no new idea, but only the extension of what has already been done. Recently, six nationsGermany, Britain, France, Russia, Japan and our own countrycombined their forces in China under command of a German general for a specific purpose, which was successfully accomplished. We urge this plan as the easiest and speediest means of attaining international peace. . . . . . . So far from its consummation being only a dream, it is so near to reality that it lies to-day within the power of one man to found the League of Peace.
Political economists have been working for some years on a practical plan to give tangibility to this movement. The Journal of American History now officially records the first draft of a Constitution of the United Nations. This draft is the result of life-long investigations and intimate relations with the Nations by William Osborne McDowell, LL.D., of New York. In presenting it to the public, Dr. McDowell says : I record this in The Journal of American History as the proper repository for historical record. It is not my expectation nor intent that it will be immediately ratified. My desire is wholly to give origin to a movement that I believe will ultimately become the practical solution of not alone the cessation of war, but the foundation upon which the economic, moral and intellectual, as well as political, future will be based. I have endeavored to make this first draft a document of world democracy, giving representation to the organized movements in the various nations tending toward the betterment of humanity. There are more than ten million intellectualists connected with these various organizations, and by uniting their interests into a cabinet composed of a representative of each organization, I am confident that it would be the most tremendous moral force united for a single purpose that the world has ever known, moulding the political thought of the future. I invite in these pages the criticism and the suggestions of every reader of this first draft. My sole claim is that if the Constitution of the United States, uniting forty-six separate commonwealths, is practical, then a Constitution for the United Nations of the World is practical.